Research Working Papers

Speaking for Herself: Changing Gender Roles in Survey Response

By Sabrina Minhas and Amy Oksol
February 28, 2019 | Research Working Paper

Forecasting Foreign Economic Growth Using Cross-Country Data

By Craig S. Hakkio and Jun Nie
December 26, 2018 | Research Working Paper

Reconciling VAR-based Forecasts with Survey Forecasts

By Taeyoung Doh and A. Lee Smith
December 21, 2018 | Research Working Paper

The Initial Effects of EMV Migration on Chargebacks in the United States

By Fumiko Hayashi, Zach Markiewicz and Sabrina Minhas
December 07, 2018 | Research Working Paper

The Optimal Monetary Instrument and the (Mis)Use of Causality Tests

By A. Lee Smith and John W. Keating
December 07, 2018 | Research Working Paper

Research Articles

National survey builds CDFI directory

April 22, 2019 | connections

The U.S. Syndicated Loan Market: Matching Data

December 07, 2018 | Research Working Paper

Who Are the Unbanked? Characteristics Beyond Income

June 21, 2018 | Economic Review

Small Business Lending Survey

Quarterly collection of quantitative and qualitative information that can be used to understand credit market conditions for bank lending to small businesses.

Bank Capital Analysis

The Bank Capital Analysis provides a horizontal comparison of capital adequacy among banking organizations with different risk profiles.

Interchange Fees

An annual update of credit and debit card interchange fees in various countries, regulatory developments in the payment card markets, and trends in interchange fees assessed to U.S. merchants.

Payments Conferences

International payments policy conferences focusing on retail payments.

Banking Research Papers

Working papers and journal articles highlight our banking research.

Payments System Research Briefings

Our briefings cover payments methods, developments in payments networks, and various participants' roles in the payments system.

Payments System Research Working Papers

Our paper topics include types of payments methods, developments in payments networks, and various participants' roles in the payments system.

A Guide to the ATM and Debit Card Industry: 2006 Update

This book is a 2006 update that documents industry trends and patterns and discusses their implications.

A Guide to the ATM and Debit Card Industry

This book provides an overview of the history and developement of the ATM and debit card industry, details the mechanics of ATM and debit transactions, reviews trends in ATM and debit transaction volume and pricing, and discusses industry and public policy issues.

Nonbanks in the Payments System

This book examines nonbank participation of payments activities and the roles nonbanks play in specific transaction types.